Maimonides on Kiddush and Havdallah

In the 66th episode of The Jewish Drinking Show, Rabbi Dan Margulies joins Rabbi Drew Kaplan in a discussion on Maimonides’ views on Kiddush and Havdallah for Shabbat.

Guest Bio
Rabbi Dan Margulies is currently on the high school Judaics faculty of the Berman Hebrew Academy. He was formerly rabbi of The Riverdale Minyan, formerly on the Talmud faculty of the Drisha Institute, earned his bachelors degree from Columbia University, and rabbinic ordination from Yeshivat Chovevei Torah (2017).

Episode
This episode is available both in podcast form and on YouTube. While you can find the episode on many podcasting platforms, you are also welcome to listen to it here.

Podcast version:

YouTube version:

Proposed Outline
Here is the proposed outline that we used in making this episode:
Rambam on Shabbat Kiddush and Havdallah

Introduction

Introduction of Rabbi Dan Margulies (and bio)

“Welcome to the show, Rabbi Margulies” – “Thank you for having me – I’m excited to be here”

Drew mentions brief bio

Introduction of topic: Rambam on Shabbat Kiddush and Havdallah

II. Main Body of Discussion: ch. 29 of Hilkhot Shabbat

From the scholars words to do Kiddush & Havdalah on Wine (29.6), which is why this is a Jewish Drinking topic

Fascinating innovation of connecting Kiddush and Havdallah (29.1)

1. Not mentioned previously in Talmud

2. At the same time, it’s not contradicted necessarily by anything in Talmud

3. Clever to introduce this experiential envelope of bringing in Shabbat and escorting its departure with wine

Over Wine, primarily

1. Only wine fit for the altar, etc. (29.14-17)

2. Beer can be used for havdalah if most of that land’s “wine” is beer (29.17)

3. Can choose to do kiddush over bread, but not havdalah (29.9)

When?

1. Kiddush – when sun sets

2. Havdalah – when Shabbat ends

3. Temporally advancing both kidush and havdallah prior to sunset (29.11)

4. Shabbat interrupting either a meal or drinking session (29.12-13)

5. Prohibition against eating or drinking upon onset of Shabbat until Kiddush or Havdallah (29.5)

6. Also, Kiddusha Rabbah (29.10)

Where? Kiddush in the meal’s place (29.8)

How? (29.7)

1. Take cup containing a revi’it or more, washed out on inside and rinsed out on outside and fill it with wine, grab in right hand and raise it a handsbreadth or more.

2. Also, drink cheeksful and provide to others there

Anything else???

III. Summing up and thank you to Rabbi Margulies

“Thank you so much for joining the show, Rabbi Margulies”

“Thank you for inviting me; I enjoyed….”

“לחיים!”

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